Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG)

Prof. Dr. Florian Wittmann

  • Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

    Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie
    Abteilung Aueninstitut
    D-76437 Rastatt

Florian Wittmann

Professor für Auenökologie und Leiter des WWF-Auen-Institutes


  • Auenökologie
  • Pflanzengeographie
  • Biomasse/Primärproduktion


2016- Professor for Floodplain Ecology and Head of the Institute for Floodplain Ecology at the Dep. of Gegraphy and Geoecology, Karlsruhe-Institute of Technology – KIT, Germany.
2007-2016 Employee of the Biogeochemistry Dep. of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany. Administration of the bilateral INPA/Max-Planck Project, in cooperation with the Research Group “Ecology, Monitoring and Sustainable Management of Amazonian Wetlands” (MAUA), Manaus, Brazil.
2006-2010 Lecturer Qualification (Habilitation) at the Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Geosciences of the University of Bayreuth, Germany: Phytogeography, use and management options of Amazonian floodplain forests (University of Bayreuth, 2010).
2005-2009 Scientific head of the UNESCO Demonstration Site in Ecohydrology (UNESCO International Ecohydrology Program-IHP VII): Sustainable timber production and management of Central Amazonian white-water floodplains
2002-2007 Post-doctorate grant holder (2002-2004) and employee (2004-2007) of the Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Plön, Germany. Research priorities: Sustainable Use and Management of Amazonian wetlands, Forest Ecology, Tree Ecophysiology, Stress Ecology, Biomass and Primary Production, Remote Sensing.
1998-2001 Ph.D.-Thesis with fieldwork in the Brazilian Amazonian (two years): Tree species distribution and forest structure of Amazonian white-water floodplain forests by remote sensing techniques (University of Mannheim, 2001, in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Plön, Germany)
1997-1999 Free-lancer on soil- and water-pollutants in industrial sites at Clayton GbR Schadstoffanalytik, Ludwigshafen, Germany
1996-1997 Diploma-Thesis: Phenology of six tree species from Central Amazonian floodplains (University of Mannheim, 1997)
1994/1995 Student internships at the Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit-GTZ, Project Patecore, Dedougou - Burkina Faso, and National Institute for Amazon Research – INPA, Manaus - Brazil
1992-1997 Study of Geography, Geology and Botany at the Universities of Mannheim and Heidelberg, degree in Physical Geography, University of Mannheim, Germany


  • Fluss- und Auenökologie (VL)
  • Geoökologie neotropischer Feuchtgebiete (VL)
  • Ressourcenschutz (VL)
  • Ökosystemmanagement (Seminar)
  • Kartierpraktika


Fontes, C. G.; Fine, P. V. A.; Wittmann, F.; Bittencourt, P. R. L.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Higuchi, N.; Chambers, J. Q.; Dawson, T. E. (2020). Convergent evolution of tree hydraulic traits in Amazonian habitats: implications for community assemblage and vulnerability to drought. The new phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.16675
Latrubesse, E. M.; d’Horta, F. M.; Ribas, C. C.; Wittmann, F.; Zuanon, J.; Park, E.; Dunne, T.; Arima, E. Y.; Baker, P. A. (2020). Vulnerability of the biota in riverine and seasonally flooded habitats to damming of Amazonian rivers [in press]. Aquatic conservation. doi:10.1002/aqc.3424VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Rocha, M. da; Feitosa, Y. O.; Wittmann, F.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Resende, A. F. de; Assis, R. L. de. (2020). River damming affects seedling communities of a floodplain forest in the Central Amazon. Acta botanica Brasilica, 34 (1), 192–203. doi:10.1590/0102-33062019abb0263VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Steege, H. ter; Prado, P. I.; Lima, R. A. F. de; Pos, E.; de Souza Coelho, L.; de Andrade Lima Filho, D.; Salomão, R. P.; Amaral, I. L.; de Almeida Matos, F. D.; Wittmann, F.; u. a. (2020). Biased-corrected richness estimates for the Amazonian tree flora. Scientific reports, 10 (1), Art.-Nr.: 10130. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-66686-3VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Assis, R. L. de; Wittmann, F.; Bredin, Y. K.; Schöngart, J.; Nobre Quesada, C. A.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Haugaasen, T. (2019). Above-ground woody biomass distribution in Amazonian floodplain forests: Effects of hydroperiod and substrate properties. Forest ecology and management, 432, 365–375. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2018.09.031
Grasel, D.; Fearnside, P. M.; Vitule, J. R. S.; Bozelli, R. L.; Mormul, R. P.; Rodrigues, R. R.; Wittmann, F.; Agostinho, A. A.; Jarenkow, J. A. (2019). Brazilian wetlands on the brink. Biodiversity and conservation, 28 (1), 255–257. doi:10.1007/s10531-018-1666-z
Lobo, G. de S.; Wittmann, F.; Piedade, M. T. F. (2019). Response of black-water floodplain (igapó) forests to flood pulse regulation in a dammed Amazonian river. Forest ecology and management, 434, 110–118. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2018.12.001
Rocha, M. da; Assis, R. L. de; Piedade, M. T. F.; Feitosa, Y. O.; Householder, J. E.; Lobo, G. D. S.; Demarchi, L. O.; Albuquerque, B. W.; Quaresma, A. C.; Wittmann, F.; u. a. (2019). Thirty years after Balbina Dam: Diversity and floristic composition of the downstream floodplain forest, Central Amazon, Brazil. Ecohydrology, 12 (8), Article No.e2144. doi:10.1002/eco.2144
ter Steege, H.; Henkel, T. W.; Helal, N.; Marimon, B. S.; Marimon-Junior, B. H.; Huth, A.; Groeneveld, J.; Sabatier, D.; Coelho, L. de S.; Wittmann, F.; u. a. (2019). Rarity of monodominance in hyperdiverse Amazonian forests. Scientific reports, 9 (1), Art. Nr.: 13822. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-50323-9VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Gomes, V. H. F.; Ijff, S. D.; Raes, N.; Amaral, I. L.; Salomão, R. P.; Coelho, L. D. S.; Matos, F. D. D. A.; Castilho, C. V.; Filho, D. D. A. L.; Wittmann, F.; u. a. (2018). Species Distribution Modelling : Contrasting presence-only models with plot abundance data. Scientific reports, 8 (1), Art.Nr. 1003. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18927-1VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Slik, J. W. F.; Franklin, J.; Arroyo-Rodríguez, V.; Field, R.; Aguilar, S.; Aguirre, N.; Ahumada, J.; Aiba, S.-I.; Alves, L. F.; Wittmann, F.; u. a. (2018). Phylogenetic classification of the world’s tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (8), 1837–1842. doi:10.1073/pnas.1714977115VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Gumbricht, T.; Roman-Cuesta, R. M.; Verchot, L.; Herold, M.; Wittmann, F.; Householder, E.; Herold, N.; Murdiyarso, D. (2017). An expert system model for mapping tropical wetlands and peatlands reveals South America as the largest contributor. Global change biology, 23 (9), 3581–3599. doi:10.1111/gcb.13689
Householder, E.; Janovec, J.; Tobler, M. W.; Wittmann, F. (2017). A Diversity of Biogeographies in an Extreme Amazonian Wetland Habitat. Forest Structure, Function and Dynamics in Western Amazonia. Ed.: R.W. Myster, 145–157, Wiley-Blackwell. doi:10.1002/9781119090670.ch7
Latrubesse, E. M.; Arima, E. Y.; Dunne, T.; Park, E.; Baker, V. R.; D’Horta, F. M.; Wight, C.; Wittmann, F.; Zuanon, J.; Baker, P. A.; u. a. (2017). Damming the rivers of the Amazon basin. Nature <London>, 546 (7658), 363–369. doi:10.1038/nature22333
Wittmann, F.; Marques, M. C. M.; Damasceno Júnior, G.; Budke, J. C.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Wittmann, A. de O.; Montero, J. C.; Assis, R. L. de; Targhetta, N.; Parolin, P.; u. a. (2017). The Brazilian freshwater wetscape: Changes in tree community diversity and composition on climatic and geographic gradients. PLoS one, 12 (4), Art. Nr.: e0175003. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0175003VolltextVolltext der Publikation als PDF-Dokument
Wittmann, F.; Householder, E. (2017). Why Rivers Make the Difference: A Review on the Phytogeography of Forested Floodplains in the Amazon Basin. Forest Structure, Function and Dynamics in Western Amazonia. Ed.: R.W. Myster, 125–144, Wiley-Blackwell. doi:10.1002/9781119090670.ch6
Junk, W. J.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Lourival, R.; Wittmann, F.; Kanadus, P.; Lacerda, L. D.; Bozelli, R. L.; Esteves, F. A.; Cunha, C. N. de; Maltchik, L.; u. a. (2014). Brazilian wetlands: their definition, delineation and classification for research, sustainable management and protection. Aquatic conservation, 24 (1), 5–22.
Lopes, A.; Wittmann, F.; Schöngart, J.; Piedade, M. T. F. (2014). Herbaceous aquatic plants in six igapó floodplains in Central Amazonia: generic composition and diversity. Geográfica acadêmica, 8 (1), 5–17.
Lucas, C. M.; Schöngart, J.; Sheikh, P.; Wittmann, F.; Piedade, M. T. F.; McGrath, D. G. (2014). Effects of land-use and hydroperiod on aboveground biomass and productivity of secondary Amazonian floodplain forests. Forest ecology and management, 319, 116–127. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2014.02.008
Montero, J. C.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Wittmann, F. (2014). Floristic variation across 600 km of black-water inundation forests (igapó) along the Brazilian Negro River. Hydrobiologia, 729 (1), 229–246. doi:10.1007/s10750-012-1381-9
Parolin, P.; Lucas, C. M.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Wittmann, F. (2010). Drought responses of flood-tolerant trees in Amazonian floodplains. Annals of botany, 105 (1), 129–139. doi:10.1093/aob/mcp258
Piedade, M. T. F.; Junk, W. J.; D’Angelo, S. A.; Wittmann, F.; Schöngart, J.; Barbosa, K. M. N.; Lopes, A. (2010). Aquatic herbaceous plants of the Amazon floodplains: State of the art and research needed. Acta limnologica Brasiliensia, 22, 165–178. doi:10.4322/actalb.02202006
Silva Marinho, T. A. da; Piedade, M. T. F.; Wittmann, F. (2010). Distribution and population structure of four Central Amazonian high-várzea timber species. Wetlands ecology and management, 18 (6), 665–667. doi:10.1007/s11273-010-9186-y
Wittmann, F.; Zorzi, B. T.; Tizianel, F. A. T.; Urquiza, M. V. S.; Faria, R. R.; Sousa, N. M.; Modena, E. S.; Gamarra, R. M.; Rosa, A. L. M. (2008). Tree species composition, structure, and aboveground wood biomass of a riparian forest of the lower Miranda River, Southern Pantanal, Brazil. Folia geobotanica, 43 (4), 397–411. doi:10.1007/s12224-008-9022-9
Wittmann, F.; Schöngart, J.; Parolin, P.; Worbes, M.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Junk, W. J. (2006). Wood specific gravity of trees in Amazonian white-water forests in relation to flooding. IAWA journal, 27 (3), 255–268. doi:10.1163/22941932-90000153
Wittmann, F.; Schöngart, J.; Montero, J. C.; Motzer, T.; Junk, W. J.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Queiroz, H. L.; Worbes, M. (2006). Tree species composition and diversity gradients in white-water forests across the Amazon basin. Journal of biogeography, 33 (8), 1334–1347. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01495.x|
Wittmann, F.; Junk, W. J.; Piedade, M. T. F. (2004). The várzea forests in Amazonia: Flooding and the highly dynamic geomorphology interact with natural forest succession. Forest ecology and management, 196 (2-3), 199–212.
Wittmann, F.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Schöngart, J.; Parolin, P. (2004). Amazonian várzea forests: adaptive strategies of trees as tools for forest management. Ecología aplicada, 3, 180–184.
Parolin, P.; Armbruester, N.; Wittmann, F.; Ferreira, L. V.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Junk, W. J. (2002). A review of tree phenology in Central Amazonian floodplains. Pesquisas, 52, 195–222.
Parolin, P.; Oliveira, A. C.; Piedade, M. T. F.; Wittmann, F.; Junk, W. J. (2002). Pioneer trees in Amazonian floodplains: Key-species form monospecific stands in different habitats. Folia geobotanica, 37 (2), 225–238. doi:10.1007/BF02804233